Activity of spa resorts in Busko-Zdrój and Solec-Zdrój in 1939-1945
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Biuro Badań Historycznych, Instytut Pamięci Narodowej w Warszawie, Polska
Karolina Natalia Trzeskowska-Kubasik   

Biuro Badań Historycznych, Instytut Pamięci Narodowej w Warszawie, Janusza Kurtyki 1, 02-676, Warszawa, Polska
Submission date: 2022-03-07
Final revision date: 2022-05-25
Acceptance date: 2022-05-25
Publication date: 2022-10-12
LW 2022;100(3):172–176
The activity of the spa resorts in Busko-Zdrój and in Solec-Zdrój during the German occupation is poorly described in Polish historiography. Only enigmatic mentions can be found in publications about their activities. The main reason for this can be attributed to the poor state of the sources – especially concerning Solec-Zdrój. The goal of the article is among others to characterize the activity of the spa resorsts in Busko-Zdrój and in Solec-Zdrój beetwen 1939 and 1945, and the description of the scale of the destruction they suffered as a result of the actions of the German occupier. The both spa resorts: in Busko-Zdrój and Solec-Zdrój suffered a big losses during the German occupation. Spa facilities changed their purpose, being mainly a place of convalescence for the Germans. It should be noticed, that the access of the Polish population to them was almost completely limited. Some of the spa facilities were destroyed and their equipment was plundered. As a result of German occupation, the accommodation base in Busko-Zdrój and Solec-Zdrój was also devastated. Only in Busko-Zdrój number of rooms for patients decreased by 350. While in Busko-Zdrój patients were admitted as early as 1945, Solec-Zdrój was opened as a year-round health resort in 1961.